Marlyse Baptista – University of Michigan
Course time: Tuesday/Thursday 3:30-5:20 pm
2333 Mason Hall
Some of the most compelling questions in the field of pidgins and creoles consist in identifying the linguistic sources and cognitive forces that shape a given creole: why does a particular creole look and sound the way it does? Where do its linguistic properties come from? What are the original populations and languages that contributed to its genesis? This investigation ultimately hopes to shed light on two major cognitive questions: how does the mind pull together linguistic materials from distinct sources to form a creole? What is the nature of the cognitive processes involved in creole formation? In exploring some of these queries, this particular course will focus on the processes of convergence, relexification and grammaticalization and will contrast, regarding the latter point, general theories of grammaticalization (Lehmann, 2002; Hopper & Traugott, 2003; Fischer, 2007) with their generative (Van Gelderen, 2004) and usage-based (Tomasello, 2005; (Boyer & Harder, 2012) counterparts. Comparing these approaches will allow us to gauge how each framework accounts for specific aspects of creole grammars and to assess their contribution to our understanding of how creole languages develop. Besides its focus on cognitive issues in creole formation, other major topics in this course will include:
1) Socio-historical contexts of creole genesis, how a distinct history of population contact results in distinct structural outcomes;
2) examination of the morpho-syntactic properties of a set of creole languages;
3) contributions of L1 and L2 to the emergence of creole specific features.
Students enrolling in this class should have taken and introductory course in linguistics.